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Chronic Disease: List, Statistics, Conditions and Treatments

February 24, 2023



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A disease or condition that usually lasts for 3 months or longer and may get worse over time. Chronic diseases tend to occur in older adults and can usually be controlled but not cured. The most common types of chronic diseases are cancer, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and arthritis.

What is the chronic disease?

Chronic diseases are defined broadly as conditions that last 1 year or more and require ongoing medical attention or limit activities of daily living or both. Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. They are also leading drivers of the nation’s $4.1 trillion in annual health care costs.

Many chronic diseases are caused by a short list of risk behaviors:

  • Tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke.
  • Poor nutrition, including diets low in fruits and vegetables and high in sodium and saturated fats.
  • Physical inactivity.
  • Excessive alcohol use.

How  many people in the world have chronic diseases?

Major players in the chronic disease management market are Allscripts Healthcare Solutions Inc, ScienceSoft USA Corporation, Siemens Healthcare Private Limited, Infosys Limited, MINES & Associates Inc, TriZetto Corporation, Cognizant, IBM Corporation, Harmony Information Systems Inc, EXL Healthcare, Altruista Health, HealthSmart Holdings Inc, Health Catalyst, Epic Systems Corporation, and Casenet LLC.

The global chronic disease management market is expected to grow from $5.87 billion in 2021 to $6.95 billion in 2022 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 18.45%. The market is expected to reach $15.38 billion in 2026 at a CAGR of 21.97%.

Most common chronic diseases in young adults?

While many illnesses can be considered chronic, there are 12 major chronic conditions that are a significant burden in terms of morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs in Australia, including:

  • heart disease
  • stroke
  • lung cancer
  • colorectal cancer
  • depression
  • type 2 diabetes
  • arthritis
  • osteoporosis
  • asthma
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • chronic kidney disease
  • oral disease.

What are the top 10 chronic diseases worldwide?

Based on the latest data from the CDC and presented in descending order, here are the top 10 most expensive chronic diseases for healthcare payers to treat.

  • Heart diseases and stroke.
  • Diabetes
  • Arthritis
  • Alcohol-related health issues. …
  • Cancer
  • Obesity
  • Alzheimer’s disease. …
  • Smoking-related health issues.
  • Tooth Decay
  • Epilepsy

Chronic disease Statistics 2023?

  • More than 75% of all health care costs are due to chronic conditions.
  • Four of  the five most expensive health conditions (based on total health care spending in a given year in the United States) are chronic conditions – heart disease, cancer, mental disorders, and pulmonary conditions. 
  • A 2007 study reported that seven chronic diseases – cancer, diabetes, hypertension, stroke, heart disease, pulmonary conditions, and mental illness – have a total impact on the economy of $1.3 trillion annually. By the year 2023, this number is projected to increase to $4.2 trillion in treatment costs and lost economic output.

How to prevent chronic disease?

Many chronic diseases are caused by key risk behaviors. By making healthy choices, you can reduce your likelihood of getting a chronic disease and improve your quality of life.

See also Top 4 Tips to Prevent Chronic Diseases.

1. Don’t Smoke

If you don’t smoke, don’t start. If you smoke, get the support you need to quit for good. Quitting smoking lowers your risk of heart disease, lung disease, cancer, and other smoking-related illnesses.

It’s never too late to quit smoking. More than 60% of adults who’ve ever smoked cigarettes have quit.

2. Eat Healthy

Good nutrition is essential to staying healthy at any age. The benefits of healthy eating are significant. People with healthy eating patterns live longer and have less risk of obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers.

For Children

Good nutrition during the first 2 years of life is vital for healthy growth and development. Breastfeeding is the best source of nutrition for most infants. It can reduce the risk of asthma, obesity, type 1 diabetes, ear and respiratory infections, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Early eating experiences affect how children eat as they get older. Parents and other caregivers should introduce children to healthy foods from the very beginning. At 6 months old, children can start having foods and drinks other than breast milk and infant formula.

For Adults

A healthy eating plan includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and low-fat dairy products and limits added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium. Healthy eating can work for everyone’s tastes, traditions, culture, and budget.

3. Be Active

Physical activity is one of the best ways you can improve your health now and in the future. Everyone can get the health benefits of physical activity—no matter their age, abilities, shape, or size.

Adults need two kinds of physical activity:

  • Aerobic physical activity—such as brisk walking, biking, dancing, or yard work—that gets you breathing harder and your heart beating faster.
  • Muscle-strengthening physical activity that works all major muscle groups, such as lifting weights, working with resistance bands, push-ups, or squats.

Physical activity is important for people of all ages. See how much you need.

If you can’t get the recommended amounts of physical activity because of chronic conditions or disabilities, you should be as physically active as you can. Some physical activity is better than none.

4. Limit Drinking.

Excessive alcohol use, over time, can lead to high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and various cancers. Excessive alcohol use includes:

  • Binge drinking, defined as consuming 4 or more drinks on an occasion for a woman or 5 or more drinks on an occasion for a man. See What Is a Standard Drink?
  • Heavy drinking, defined as 8 or more drinks per week for a woman or 15 or more drinks per week for a man.
  • Any alcohol use by pregnant women or anyone younger than 21.

To reduce the risk of alcohol-related harms, the 2020–2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that adults of legal drinking age can choose not to drink or to drink in moderation by limiting intake to 2 drinks or less in a day for men or 1 drink or less in a day for women, on days when alcohol is consumed.

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Published February 24, 2023

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